What Do You Mean By History?

History is the study of change over time, and it covers all aspects of human society. Political, social, economic, scientific, technological, medical, cultural, intellectual, religious and military developments are all part of history.

History is the study of past events. People know what happened in the past by looking at things from the past including sources (like books, newspapers, scripts and letters), buildings and artifacts (like pottery, tools, coins and human or animal remains.) Libraries, archives, and museums collect and keep these things for people to study history. A person who studies history is called a historian. A person who studies pre-history and history through things left behind by ancient cultures is called an archaeologist. A person who studies mankind and society is called an anthropologist. The study of the sources and methods used to study and write history is called historiography.

People can learn about the past by talking to people who remember things that happened at some point in the past. This is called oral history. For example, when people who had been slaves and American Civil War survivors got old, some historians recorded them talking about their lives, so that history would not be lost.[1]

In old times people in different parts of the world kept separate histories because they did not meet each other very often. Some groups of people never met each other. The rulers of Medieval Europe, Ancient Rome and Ancient China each thought that they ruled the only important parts of the world and that other parts were "barbarian". But they were still connected, even if they didn't realize it.[2]

Pre-historyAncient historySumerAncient EgyptBabyloniaAncient ArmeniaAncient GreeceAncient IndiaAncient China and Japan, Korea, MongoliaAncient Southeast Asia - Cambodia - Thailand - IndonesiaAncient North America - Iroquois, Mohawk, Huron, Haida, Lenape, Mohican, Cree, Sioux, Inuit, DeneAncient Central America - Aztecs, Maya, Olmecs, Toltecs, Teotihuacan, MixtecsAncient South America - Inca, Chimu, Tihuanacu, HuariAncient AfricaAncient AustraliaRoman EmpireChristian Rome - Justinian to the rise of ByzantiumChinese DynastiesByzantine EmpireEarly Islamic Caliphate - Muhammad to The CrusadesEarly Middle Ages - end of European Dark Ages to rise of Roman Catholic ChurchHigh Middle Ages and the Crusades - conflict with Islam, Cathars, pagan tribes in Lithuania, etc.Late Middle Ages - 13th century to 15th centuryLate Islamic Caliphate - to fall of Muslim SpainMongol EmpireRenaissance - 15th century renewal of science etc., based on texts from Ancient Greece and Roman Empire that were preserved by Muslims and captured by ChristiansEuropean colonization of the Americas - 15th century impact on AmericaBaroque era - mid 16th century to mid-late 18th centuryEnlightenment - mid 17th century to late 18th century19th century20th centuryModern History and origins of modern world power structureWorld War IWorld War IIUnited Nations ascendance - how it became so central.Chinese Revolution, Partition of India, North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)US-Soviet Cold War including Korean War, Vietnam War, Soviet-Afghan WarRecent conflicts in the Muslim World - Arab-Israeli Wars, US invasion of Afghanistan, US invasion of IraqRecent conflicts in West Africa - Uganda, Chad, Rwanda, Congo, Liberia, Ivory Coast, and so on

Current events, modern economic history, modern social history and modern intellectual history take very different views of the way history has affected the way that we think today.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to History.↑ "About this Collection | Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-1938 | Digital Collections | Library of Congress". Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. Retrieved 2020-10-24.↑ "Silk Ties: The Links Between Ancient Rome & China | History Today". www.historytoday.com. Retrieved 2020-10-24.